Deep vein thrombosis is a dangerous medical condition which usually affects lower limbs. DVT has a sudden onset. Limbs swelling and pain may be the first symptoms. Neglected and untreated, the disease may lead to pulmonary embolism which is life-threatening condition. The disease may develop as the result of untreated varicose veins, patient’s immobilization e.g. an orthopaedic cast, coagulation disorders and cancer. DVT often accompanies pregnancy. Other risk factors: hormonal therapy, contraceptives, obesity and smoking. Deep vein thrombosis treatment requires intensive and long-term use of anticoagulants and compression products like knee socks or varicose veins comprehension stockings.
Superficial vein thrombosis also known as superficial veins thrombophlebitis is the superficial vessels condition, usually varicose-veins. Redness and local soreness are the symptoms of superficial vein thrombosis. Topical medication with heparin-containing and anti-inflammatory drugs in ointments or gels. Anticoagulants administration is required less frequently.